Science and Technology

PFC partners with IISc. for new energy research building in Bengaluru

The Hindu:Science - 24 min 48 sec ago
The new energy research building will house the Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research (ICER) in the premises of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc.)

Relativity's debut rocket launch proves durability, fails in space

The Hindu:Science - 53 min 18 sec ago
About 85% of Relativity Space’s 110-foot tall Terran 1 rocket is made of 3D-printed parts

China’s plan to add 106 GW of coal power fans fear of climate goals backslide

The Hindu:Science - 1 hour 12 min ago
"It doesn't make sense to give more incentives for more coal-fired power investments," says Zhang Shuwei, director at Draworld Energy Research Centre

India’s disputed compensatory afforestation policy at odds with new IPCC report

The Hindu:Science - 2 hours 45 min ago
The Synthesis Report has found that the climate-mitigating potential of natural ecosystems is second only to solar power.

Known active ingredient as new drug candidate against mpox

Science Daily - 8 hours 36 min ago
Mpox -- previously known as 'monkeypox' -- is currently spreading worldwide. Researchers have now identified a compound that could help fight the disease.

Telomere shortening -- a sign of cellular aging -- linked to signs of Alzheimer's in brain scans

Science Daily - 8 hours 36 min ago
Changes in the brain caused by Alzheimer's disease are associated with shortening of the telomeres -- the protective caps on the ends of chromosomes that shorten as cells age -- according to a new study.

U.S.-Argentine researcher wins Abel Prize for maths

The Hindu:Science - 10 hours 29 min ago
Last year, the prize was won by U.S. mathematician Dennis Sullivan for his research into topology and chaos theory.

New water treatment zaps 'forever chemicals' for good

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
Engineers have developed a new water treatment that removes 'forever chemicals' from drinking water safely, efficiently -- and for good.

Photosynthesis 'hack' could lead to new ways of generating renewable energy

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
Researchers have 'hacked' the earliest stages of photosynthesis, the natural machine that powers the vast majority of life on Earth, and discovered new ways to extract energy from the process, a finding that could lead to new ways of generating clean fuel and renewable energy.

Simulated terrible drivers cut the time and cost of AV testing by a factor of one thousand

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
The push toward truly autonomous vehicles has been hindered by the cost and time associated with safety testing, but a new system shows that artificial intelligence can reduce the testing miles required by 99.99%.

New NIH study reveals shared genetic markers underlying substance use disorders

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
By combing through genomic data of over 1 million people of European or African descent, scientists have identified genes commonly inherited across addiction disorders, regardless of the substance being used. This dataset -- one of largest and most diverse of its kind -- may help reveal new treatment targets across multiple substance use disorders, including for people diagnosed with more than one. The findings also reinforce the role of the dopamine system in addiction, by showing that the combination of genes underlying addiction disorders was also associated with regulation of dopamine signaling.

Surprisingly simple explanation for the alien comet 'Oumuamua's weird orbit

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
When the first interstellar comet ever seen in our solar system was discovered in 2017, one characteristic -- an unexplained acceleration away from the sun -- sparked wild speculation, including that it was an alien spacecraft. An astrochemist found a simpler explanation and tested it with an astronomer: in interstellar space, cosmic rays converted water to hydrogen in the comet's outer layers. Nearing the sun, outgassed hydrogen gave the tiny comet a kick.

Semiconductor lattice marries electrons and magnetic moments

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
A model system created by stacking a pair of monolayer semiconductors is giving physicists a simpler way to study confounding quantum behavior, from heavy fermions to exotic quantum phase transitions.

Sea ice will soon disappear from the Arctic during the summer months -- and it has happened before

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
In a new study, an international team of researchers warn that the Arctic Sea ice may soon be a thing of the past in the summer months. This may have consequences for both the climate and ecosystems. Ten thousand years ago, the ice melted at temperatures similar to those we have today.

Mercury emission estimates rarely provide enough data to assess success in eliminating harmful global gold mining practice

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
A global treaty called the Minamata Convention requires gold-mining countries to regularly report the amount of toxic mercury that miners are using to find and extract gold, designed to help nations gauge success toward at least minimizing a practice that produces the world's largest amount of manmade mercury pollution.

New microchip links two Nobel Prize-winning techniques

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
Physicists have built a new technology on a microchip by combining two Nobel Prize-winning techniques. This microchip could measure distances in materials at high precision, for example underwater or for medical imaging. Because the technology uses sound vibrations instead of light, it is useful for high-precision position measurements in opaque materials. There's no need for complex feedback loops or for tuning certain parameters to get it to operate properly. This makes it a very simple and low-power technology, that is much easier to miniaturize on a microchip. What makes it special is that it doesn't need any precision hardware and is therefore easy to produce. It only requires inserting a laser, and nothing else. The instrument could lead to new techniques to monitor the Earth's climate and human health.

Next epidemic could be spotted early in wastewater

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
Researchers behind the UK's first pilot public health surveillance system based on analysis of wastewater say that routine monitoring at sewage treatment works could provide a powerful early warning system for the next flu or norovirus epidemic, alerting hospitals to prepare and providing public health agencies with vital health information.

New invention: The oxygen-ion battery

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
An oxygen-ion-battery has been invented, based on ceramic materials. If it degrades, it can be regenerated, therefore it potentially has an extremely long lifespan. Also, it does not require any rare elements and it is incombustible. For large energy storage systems, this could be an optimal solution.

Observing group-living animals with drones and computer vision

Science Daily - 22/03/2023
New method to study the movement, behaviour, and environmental context of group-living animals using drones and computer vision.


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