Science and Technology

AI recognizes athletes' emotions

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Using computer-assisted neural networks, researchers have been able to accurately identify affective states from the body language of tennis players during games. For the first time, they trained a model based on artificial intelligence (AI) with data from actual games. Their study demonstrates that AI can assess body language and emotions with accuracy similar to that of humans. However, it also points to ethical concerns.

Chronic high blood pressure during pregnancy doubled between 2008 and 2021 in the U.S.

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
The number of individuals in the U.S. who had chronic hypertension or chronic high blood pressure during pregnancy doubled between 2008 and 2021.

An earthquake changed the course of the Ganges: Could it happen again?

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A major earthquake 2,500 years ago caused one of the largest rivers on Earth to abruptly change course, according to a new study. The previously undocumented quake rerouted the main channel of the Ganges River in what is now densely populated Bangladesh, which remains vulnerable to big quakes.

New study reveals urgent need for region-specific models to improve brain health in diverse settings

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A pioneering study has unveiled significant heterogeneity in the risk factors affecting healthy aging in Latin America and emphasized the limitations of current models of brain health, which are primarily based on data from high-income countries.

Direct evidence found for dairy consumption in the Pyrenees in the earliest stages of the Neolithic

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A study on the remains of the Chaves and Puyascada caves, both located in the province of Huesca, Spain, yields the first direct proof of the consumption and processing of dairy products in the Pyrenees already at the start of the Neolithic period, approximately 7,500 years ago, as well as the consumption of pig. The results lead to doubts about the belief that these products were first used much later in the Pyrenean mountain range.

Promising approach to prevent recurrence of breast cancer

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Treatment outcomes for breast cancer have become better over the years, but proportion of breast cancers still recur even after long periods without signs of cancer remaining dormant in the body. Cancer researchers discovered a mechanism that wakes up these dormant breast cancer cells and demonstrated that preventing the mechanism can significantly improve treatment outcomes in experimental models.

A high-fat diet may fuel anxiety

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
New research shows when animals are fed a diet high in saturated fat for nine weeks, their gut bacteria change in ways that influence brain chemicals and fuel anxiety.

Novel method for measuring nano/microplastic concentrations in soil using spectroscopy

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Current techniques for measuring nano/microplastic (N/MP) concentrations in soil require the soil organic matter content to be separated and have limited resolution for analyzing N/MPs sized <1 m. Therefore, researchers have developed a novel yet simple method to measure N/MP concentration in different soil types using spectroscopy at two wavelengths. This method does not require the soil to be separated in order to detect the N/MPs and can accurately quantify N/MPs regardless of their size.

Modified gravity theory: A million light years and still going

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
In a breakthrough discovery that challenges the conventional understanding of cosmology, scientists have unearthed new evidence that could reshape our perception of the cosmos. New research shows that rotation curves of galaxies stay flat indefinitely far out, corroborating predictions of modified gravity theory as an alternative to dark matter.

Researchers discover potential mole reversal therapy in rare condition

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Researchers have designed a new genetic therapy that could alleviate debilitating giant moles in a rare skin condition.

Wear it, then recycle: Designers make dissolvable textiles from gelatin

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Researchers hope their DIY machine will help designers around the world experiment with making their own, sustainable fashion and other textiles from a range of natural ingredients -- maybe even the chitin in crab shells or agar-agar from algae.

High use of physical restraints in home care for older adults with dementia

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A new study has highlighted the widespread use of physical restraints among caregivers of older adults with advanced dementia living at home, revealing a need for better guidance and alternative care approaches.

Scientists develop 3D printed vacuum system that aims to trap dark matter

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Using a specially designed 3D printed vacuum system, scientists have developed a way to 'trap' dark matter with the aim of detecting domain walls, this will be a significant step forwards in unravelling some of the mysteries of the universe.

Previously uncharacterized parasite uncovered in fish worldwide

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Using genome reconstruction, scientists unveiled a once 'invisible' fish parasite present in many marine fish world-wide that belongs to the apicomplexans, one of the most important groups of parasites at a clinical level. However, it had gone unnoticed in previous studies. The parasite is geographically and taxonomically widespread in fish species around the planet, with implications for commercial fishing and oceanic food webs.

Research identifies possible new pathway to treatment of colorectal cancer

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A recently published paper on a kinase and its importance in triggering cellular responses caps more than 12 years of research.

Molecular sponge for the electronics of the future

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
An international research team has succeeded in developing a new type of material in the rather young research field of covalent organic frameworks. The new two-dimensional polymer is characterized by the fact that its properties can be controlled in a targeted and reversible manner. This has brought the researchers a step closer to the goal of realizing switchable quantum states.

'Lost' birds list will aid in protecting species

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
A group of scientists has released the first comprehensive list of birds that haven't been documented with sound or video in more than a decade.

Ancient polar sea reptile fossil is oldest ever found in Southern Hemisphere

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
An international team of scientists has identified the oldest fossil of a sea-going reptile from the Southern Hemisphere -- a nothosaur vertebra found on New Zealand's South Island. 246 million years ago, at the beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs, New Zealand was located on the southern polar coast of a vast super-ocean called Panthalassa. 'The nothosaur found in New Zealand is over 40 million years older than the previously oldest known sauropterygian fossils from the Southern Hemisphere.

A new way to measure aging and disease risk with the protein aggregation clock

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Could measuring protein clumps in our cells be a new way to find out our risk of getting age-related diseases? Researchers propose the concept of a 'protein aggregation clock' to measure aging and health.

New screening tool could improve the survival rate of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma from 20% to 90%

Science Daily - 18/06/2024
Early diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) -- one of the most fatal malignancies -- is crucial to improve patient survival. In a breakthrough study investigators report on the development of a serum fusion-gene machine-learning model. This important screening tool may increase the five-year survival rate of patients with HCC from 20% to 90% because of its improved accuracy in early diagnosis of HCC and monitoring the impact of treatment.

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