Science and Technology

Common plastics could passively cool and heat buildings with the seasons

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
By restricting radiant heat flows between buildings and their environment to specific wavelengths, coatings engineered from common materials can achieve energy savings and thermal comfort that goes beyond what traditional building envelopes can achieve.

Relationship between heart disease and spontaneous loss of Y chromosome

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers found that men with a higher proportion of blood cells missing Y chromosomes have a higher mortality rate from a common cause of heart disease called transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA), informing future treatment for patients with ATTR-CA.

Prenatal exposure to ethylene oxide associated with lower birth weight and head circumference in newborns

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
A study provides new evidence on the adverse effects of prenatal exposure to ethylene oxide (EO) on fetal development. The results show that increased EO exposure in utero is associated with a reduction in birth weight and head circumference in newborns.

Pacific cod can't rely on coastal safe havens for protection during marine heat waves

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
During recent periods of unusually warm water in the Gulf of Alaska, young Pacific cod in near shore safe havens where they typically spend their adolescence did not experience the protective effects those areas typically provide, a new study found.

Bird flu stays stable on milking equipment for at least one hour

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
H5N1 virus in unpasteurized milk is stable on metal and rubber components of commercial milking equipment for at least one hour, increasing its potential to infect people and other animals.

Printed sensors in soil could help farmers improve crop yields and save money

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
University of Wisconsin--Madison engineers have developed low-cost sensors that allow for real-time, continuous monitoring of nitrate in soil types that are common in Wisconsin. These printed electrochemical sensors could enable farmers to make better informed nutrient management decisions and reap economic benefits.

Neighborhood opportunities influence infant development and cognition

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers find that growing up in neighborhoods with more educational and socioeconomic opportunities has a positive impact on infants' brain activity.

New twists on tornadoes: Earth scientist studies why U.S. has so many tornadoes

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Across the Midwest during the warmer months, studying the sky for signs of storms and tornadoes becomes one of the most popular pastimes. Working at the intersection of climate science and meteorology and using modeling, scientists are looking at the big picture of what causes severe storms and tornadoes -- and what dictates where they occur.

Researchers find elementary age children experience more concussions during activities unrelated to sports

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers found that young children between the ages of 5 and 12 were more likely to experience a concussion from recreation and other non-sport activities, yet those injuries were not seen by specialists until days later compared with sports-related concussions in the same age group.

Urban green and blue spaces are linked to less coronary artery calcification

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Being near and having more exposure to urban green space and blue (water) space is linked to lower odds of having coronary artery calcification in middle age, which is an early marker of cardiovascular disease. The associations were more pronounced among Black individuals and those living in neighborhoods with lower socioeconomic status, with the strongest effects observed in Black individuals in economically deprived neighborhoods.

Wolves reintroduced to Isle Royale temporarily affect other carnivores, humans have influence as well

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
In a rare opportunity to study carnivores before and after wolves were reintroduced to their ranges, researchers found that the effects of wolves on Isle Royale have been only temporary. And even in the least-visited national park, humans had a more significant impact on carnivores' lives.

Master autoimmune regulator gets by with a little help from its friends

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers determined the Foxp3 protein is actually a cofactor, hijacking DNA-binding proteins responding to the immunological environment of the T cell. Based on the type of response needed, different factors are expressed, which is the driving force for Foxp3 to suppress an immune response.

Intriguing new tool for tendon healing: nanoparticles for precision drug delivery

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Harnessing nanoparticles to deliver drugs precisely to a surgically repaired tendon is a promising new approach that reduced scar tissue formation and improved mechanical function.

Invasive ants spread by hitchhiking on everyday vehicles

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Ants might spread to new locations by stowing away on everyday vehicles. Previously, this was thought to occur mostly on agricultural equipment.

We date, marry people who are attractive as we are, new analysis finds

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Men and women were good at judging their own attractiveness, and tended to partner up with people who were similarly attractive.

Characterization of the extraordinary thermoelectric properties of cadmium arsenide thin films

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
If there's one thing we humans are good at, it's producing heat. Significant amounts, and in many cases most of the energy we generate and put into our systems we lose as heat, whether it be our appliances, our transportation, our factories, even our electrical grid.

US Clean Water Act leaves about 55% of water flowing out of rivers vulnerable to pollution

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
The Supreme Court ruled last year that rivers that only flow in response to weather events -- called ephemeral streams -- do not fall under the protection of the Clean Water Act. New research suggests that this now leaves many U.S. waterways vulnerable to pollution.

A promising weapon against measles

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
What happens when measles virus meets a human cell? The viral machinery unfolds in just the right way to reveal key pieces that let it fuse itself into the host cell membrane.

Prehistoric 'Pompeii' discovered: Most pristine trilobite fossils ever found shake up scientific understanding of the long extinct group

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers have described some of the best-preserved three-dimensional trilobite fossils ever discovered. The fossils, which are more than 500 million years old, were collected in the High Atlas of Morocco and are being referred to by scientists as 'Pompeii' trilobites due to their remarkable preservation in ash.

Scientists use computational modeling to guide a difficult chemical synthesis

Science Daily - 28/06/2024
Researchers have discovered a new way to drive chemical reactions that could generate a wide variety of azetidines -- four-membered nitrogen heterocycles that have desirable pharmaceutical properties.

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