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Successful treatment in mice for severe childhood cancer

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
In mice with high-risk neuroblastoma, tumors disappeared in response to a new combination treatment with precision medicines, a recent study shows. This is a vital step toward a potentially curative treatment for a form of cancer affecting young children that is currently difficult to treat.

Reshaping the plastic lifecycle into a circle

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
New research gives a bird's-eye view of the scale of plastic creation globally, tracing where it's produced, where it ends up, and its environmental impact.

Distortion: Researchers discover new strategy for antibodies to disable viruses

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
It is widely understood that antibodies neutralize viruses by latching onto their surfaces and blocking them from infecting host cells. But new research reveals that this barrier method isn't the only way that antibodies disable viruses. An international team of researchers has discovered that antibodies also distort viruses, thereby preventing them from properly attaching to and entering cells.

Scientists can control brain circuits, behavior, and emotion using light

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Scientists can control brain circuits, behavior, and emotion using light. Researchers developed a new optogenetic tool, 'Opto-vTrap', which is expected to contribute to treatment for epilepsy, muscle spasms, and skin wrinkles.

3D laser nanoprinters become compact

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Lasers in conventional laser printers for paper printouts are very small. 3D laser printers for 3-dimensional microstructures and nanostructures, by contrast, have required big and expensive laser systems so far. Researchers now use another process for this purpose. Two-step absorption works with inexpensive and small, blue laser diodes. As a result, much smaller printers can be used.

Global HIV viral suppression rates too low among children and adolescents

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
An analysis in the lead up to World AIDS Day reveals that HIV is 'virally suppressed' in only 59 per cent of children and adolescents on treatment.

Constraining quantum measurement

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
The quantum world and our everyday world are very different places. Physicists now investigate how the act of measuring a quantum particle transforms it into an everyday object.

Aerogels: Airy and efficient

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Researchers have developed a new photocatalyst made from an aerogel that could enable more efficient hydrogen production. The key is sophisticated pretreatment of the material.

Reduced meat diet has many advantages

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Which diet is better: moderately reduce meat consumption and eat more fruit, vegetables and wholegrain products or eating more fish and seafood? Or even switch completely to a vegan diet? A new study shows that the answer to these questions is not as clear-cut as one might think -- depending on which impacts one closely looks.

Diversity of the gut microbiome in gorillas

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
A new study sheds light on the gut microbiome of gorillas, moving researchers closer to developing tools that can use the microbiome to diagnose potential health challenges for gorillas in human care. Specifically, the study found significant diversity among gorilla microbiomes, suggesting that what constitutes a 'healthy' microbiome can vary between individuals.

Breakthrough tool to show how much exoskeletons reduce back injury risk

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
A study reveals a breakthrough tool to assess the effect of exoskeletons on injury risk. The tool, called Exo-LiFFT, is an interactive calculator that will help companies looking for ways to overcome workforces struggling with musculoskeletal injuries, missed work, and accelerated retirement amongst skilled laborers.

Nonverbal social interactions – even with unfriendly avatars – boost cooperation

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Scientists used animated humanoid avatars to study how nonverbal cues influence people's behavior. The research offers insight into the brain mechanisms that drive social and economic decision-making.

Cell types of the iris in mice

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Researchers report they have genetically mapped the cell types that make up the mouse iris -- the thin disc of pigmented tissue that, in humans, gives eyes their distinct colors.

Correcting inherited gene alterations speeds up

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Researchers have developed a method to precisely and rapidly correct genetic alterations in the cultured patient cells.

Male animals are subject to stronger evolutionary pressures than females

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Male animals are subject to stronger selection pressures than females, which may allow populations to adapt to environmental change more efficiently.

Ancient lineage of algae found to include five 'cryptic' species

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
All land plants originated from a single evolutionary event when freshwater algae got a foothold on land. The group of algae that would later give rise to land plants had already been living in freshwater and terrestrial habitats for over one billion years. A tiny group of these algae, most distantly related to land plants, still lives. A team homed in on one species, Chlorokybus, which lives in wet soil and rock cracks, to find that it contains not one, but at least five different species.

Courting success: Why the 'head' outsmarts the body in basketball

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
A new study reveals why coaches believe 'game intelligence,' work ethic and competitiveness are far more important than physical fitness in determining success on the basketball court.

Potential new treatment for Alzheimer’s disease would be relatively cheap

Science Daily - 30/11/2021
Researchers have discovered a protein involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease. Studies in mice showed that eliminating this protein entirely or using drugs to block its function reduced physical changes in the brain associated with the disease and improved memory. Drug therapy that aims to block the protein's activity could be a more effective treatment than what is currently available, as well as being cheaper.

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