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Meningitis: Researchers find possible treatment strategy without antibiotics

19/10/2021
Meningitis is a very serious brain infection with limited treatment options. In a new study performed in rats, researchers present an alternative treatment based on immune cells that helps rinse away toxins that accumulate during the infection.

New active agent against parasites

19/10/2021
Researchers have identified a chemical compound that may be suitable as an active agent against several different unicellular parasites. Among these are the pathogens that cause malaria and toxoplasmosis. The point of attack for this promising substance is the protein tubulin: It helps cells divide and therefore is essential for the multiplication of the parasites.

Putting honeybee hives on solar parks could boost the value of UK agriculture

19/10/2021
The value of UK agriculture could be boosted by millions of pounds a year if thousands of honeybee hives were deployed on solar parks across the country, a new study reveals. However, scientists caution that the benefits of managing solar parks for wild pollinators over honeybees should be prioritized where appropriate and should be assessed on a site by site basis.

Anticorrosion coating sets new benchmark

19/10/2021
EEngineers adapt a compound to serve as a universal anticorrosive coating for steel.

Researchers identify brain circuitry in rodents that may be responsible for negative emotional aspects of pain

19/10/2021
A new study has uncovered neuronal circuitry in the brain of rodents that may play an important role in mediating pain-induced anhedonia -- a decrease in motivation to perform reward-driven behaviors. Researchers were able to change the activity of this circuit and restore levels of motivation in a pre-clinical model of pain tested in rodents.

Solar energy can be cheap and reliable across China by 2060

19/10/2021
How much will solar power really cost in China in the coming decades, including the challenges its inherent variability poses to the grid? Researchers have found that solar energy could provide 43.2% of China's electricity demands in 2060 at less than two-and-a-half U.S. cents per kilowatt-hour.

Long-term exposure to toxins in operating rooms could increase COPD risk

19/10/2021
Disinfectants and surgical smoke -- the gaseous by-product produced by heat-generating surgical instruments -- are among the hazardous chemicals to which physicians, nurses, and other hospital staff are exposed in operating rooms (OR) during electrosurgery and laser procedures. Long-time exposure to these chemicals in the OR may significantly increase one's risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a new study.

Breakthrough proof clears path for quantum AI

19/10/2021
Convolutional neural networks running on quantum computers have generated significant buzz for their potential to analyze quantum data better than classical computers can.

How marsh grass protects shorelines

19/10/2021
Marsh plants can play a major role in mitigating coastal damage as sea levels rise and storm surges increase. A new study provides greater detail about how these protective benefits work under real-world conditions shaped by waves and currents.

Cheers! Wine’s red grape pulp offers nutritional bounty

19/10/2021
Pomace -- the mashed, leftover pulp from red grapes in the early process of making wine -- is considered byproduct rubbish. But maybe not for long. Researchers now demonstrate how viticultural trash could be a nutritive treasure.

Neuroinflammation protein linked to worse survival in men with glioblastoma

19/10/2021
Scientists have discovered a new link that could bring the scientific and medical community closer to understanding why glioblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor, is deadlier in males than females.

Powerful technique allows scientists to study how proteins change shape inside cells

19/10/2021
The scientists' new 'binder-tag' technique allows researchers to pinpoint and track proteins that are in a desired shape or 'conformation,' and to do so in real time inside living cells. The scientists demonstrated the technique in, essentially, movies that track the active version of an important signaling protein -- a molecule, in this case, important for cell growth.

People love the billionaire, but hate the billionaires’ club

19/10/2021
Americans may respect and admire how individual billionaires -- think Oprah Winfrey or Bill Gates -- made their billions, even as they rage against the "top 1%" as a group, new research finds.

A new treatment for glaucoma?

18/10/2021
A new study in mice has identified new treatment targets for glaucoma, including preventing a severe pediatric form of glaucoma, as well as uncovering a possible new class of therapy for the most common form of glaucoma in adults.

So-called junk DNA plays critical role in mammalian development

18/10/2021
Despite the prevalent view that some 98% of our genome is junk DNA, new research shows that one piece of junk DNA -- the promoter of a virus-based transposon -- plays a critical role in cell proliferation and timing of embryo implantation in mice. The group found virus-based promoters linked to genes involved in development in other mammals, including humans, suggesting that transposons have been broadly repurposed for important regulatory roles.

Climate change and human pressure mean migration may be 'no longer worth it'

18/10/2021
Researchers have found that the benefits of migration have been eroded by the effects of climate change and human pressure.

How herbivore activity around water affects plant communities

18/10/2021
Plants need water to grow. So if there's water, shouldn't there be more plants? New research shows it's a lot more complicated than that.

Titan’s river maps may advise Dragonfly’s 'sedimental' journey

18/10/2021
With future space exploration in mind, a team of astronomers has published the final maps of Titan's liquid methane rivers and tributaries -- as seen by NASA's late Cassini mission -- so that may help provide context for Dragonfly's upcoming 2030s expedition.

Four-legged swarm robots

18/10/2021
Engineers have built multi-legged robots capable of maneuvering in challenging environments and accomplishing difficult tasks collectively, mimicking their natural-world counterparts.

Uncovering the secrets of ultra-low frequency gravitational waves

18/10/2021
New methods of detecting ultra-low frequency gravitational waves can be combined with other, less sensitive measurements to deliver fresh insights into the early development of our universe, according to researchers.

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