Science and Technology

Aurora mysteries unlocked with NASA's THEMIS mission

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
A special type of aurora, draped east-west across the night sky like a glowing pearl necklace, is helping scientists better understand the science of auroras and their powerful drivers out in space.

Linking sight and movement

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Researchers found that image-processing circuits in the primary visual cortex not only are more active when animals move freely, but that they receive signals from a movement-controlling region of the brain that is independent from the region that processes what the animal is looking at.

Remains of 17th century bishop support neolithic emergence of tuberculosis

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Researchers present analysis of the highest quality ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome to date, suggesting the pathogen is much younger than previously believed.

200,000 years ago, humans preferred to kip cozy

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Researchers in South Africa's Border Cave have found evidence that people have been using grass bedding to create comfortable areas for sleeping and working on at least 200,000 years ago.

Scientists demonstrate how genetic variations cause eczema

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
New research delineates how two relatively common variations in a gene called KIF3A are responsible for an impaired skin barrier that allows increased water loss from the skin, promoting the development of atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema. This finding could lead to genetic tests that empower parents and physicians to take steps to potentially protect vulnerable infants from developing atopic dermatitis and additional allergic diseases.

Weight between young adulthood and midlife linked to early mortality

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
A new study finds that changes in weight between young adulthood and midlife may have important consequences for a person's risk of early death.

How people and ecosystems fit together on the Great Barrier Reef

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
A world-first study examines the scales of management of the Great Barrier Reef. The findings have the potential to help sustain other ecosystems across the world. The study provides a new approach for diagnosing social-ecological scale mismatches and responding to them.

When will scientists learn to use fewer acronyms?

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Researchers have analyzed 24 million scientific article titles and 18 million abstracts between 1950 and 2019, looking for trends in acronym use. Despite repeated calls for scientists to reduce their use of acronyms and jargon in journal papers, the advice has been largely ignored, their findings show.

Newly identified gut cells nurture lymph capillaries

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
IBS research team has identified new subsets of gut connective cells, which are crucial for lymphatic growth.The findings imply a crucial link between the physiology of intestinal environment and biological interactions between cell types.

This online calculator can predict your stroke risk

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Doctors can predict patients' stroke risk by using an online tool that measures the severity of their metabolic syndrome, a conglomeration of conditions that includes high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol levels and excess body fat.

Sounds of action: Using ears, not just eyes, improves robot perception

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
People rarely use just one sense to understand the world, but robots usually only rely on vision and, increasingly, touch. Researchers find that robot perception could improve markedly by adding another sense: hearing.

A new role for a well-known molecule as a plant hormone

Science Daily - 14/08/2020
Researchers have discovered a new role for a well-known plant molecule, providing the first clear example of ACC acting as a likely plant hormone. Researchers show that ACC has a critical role in pollination and seed production by activating proteins similar to those in human and animal nervous systems. Findings could change textbooks and open the door for research to improve plant health and crop yield.

Watch | What is an immunity passport?

The Hindu:Science - 14/08/2020
A video explainer on immunity passport, also known as risk-free certificate

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