Science and Technology

Discovery reveals how plants make cellulose for strength and growth

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
The discovery unveils the molecular machinery that plants use to weave cellulose chains into cable-like structures called 'microfibrils.'

Study identifies unique cells that may drive lung fibrosis

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
This is one of the first comprehensive looks at lung cells using a technology called single-cell RNA sequencing. Instead of examining a mash-up of many cells from a tissue sample, single-cell sequencing allowed researchers in this study to closely examine the individual cells that make up the lungs; to identify their function, and ultimately understand the molecular changes that may be driving the disease.

Ways to keep buildings cool with improved super white paints

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Materials scientists have demonstrated ways to make super white paint that reflects as much as 98% of incoming heat from the sun. The advance shows practical pathways for designing paints that, if used on rooftops and other parts of a building, could significantly reduce cooling costs, beyond what standard white 'cool-roof' paints can achieve.

Safer CRISPR gene editing with fewer off-target hits

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
The CRISPR system is a powerful tool for the targeted editing of genomes, with significant therapeutic potential, but runs the risk of inappropriately editing ''off-target'' sites. However, a new study shows that mutating the enzyme at the heart of the CRISPR gene editing system can improve its fidelity.

Scientists urge caution, further assessment of ecological impacts above deep sea mining

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
A new study argues that deep-sea mining poses significant risks, not only to the area immediately surrounding mining operations but also to the water hundreds to thousands of feet above the seafloor, threatening vast midwater ecosystems. Further, the scientists suggest how these risks could be evaluated more comprehensively to enable society and managers to decide if and how deep-sea mining should proceed.

Fair justice systems need open data access

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Researchers are developing an A.I. platform that provides users with access to the information and insights hidden inside federal court records, regardless of their data and analytic skills.

Scientists trace the origin of our teeth from the most primitive jawed fish

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Scientists have digitally 'dissected', for the first time, the most primitive jawed fish fossils with teeth found near Prague more than 100 years ago. The results show that their teeth have surprisingly modern features.

Researchers find rise in broken heart syndrome during COVID-19 pandemic

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Researchers have found a significant increase in patients experiencing stress cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome, during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Global wildlife surveillance could provide early warning for next pandemic

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Researchers propose a decentralized, global wildlife biosurveillance system to identify -- before the next pandemic emerges -- animal viruses that have the potential to cause human disease.

A 'regime shift' is happening in the Arctic Ocean

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Scientists find the growth of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean has increased 57 percent over just two decades, enhancing its ability to soak up carbon dioxide. While once linked to melting sea ice, the increase is now propelled by rising concentrations of tiny algae.

No association found between exposure to mobile devices and brain volume alterations in adolescents

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
A new study of 2,500 Dutch children is the first to explore the relationship between brain volume and different doses of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.

Why stakeholders in 'wind energy vs biological conservation' conflict have low mutual trust

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Each year, wind turbines are responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands of airborne animals such as bats. To find a constructive way out of this ''green-green'' dilemma, companies building and running wind turbines might have to work together with environmental experts and conservationists. Yet lack of trust between them can hinder effective collaboration. Scientists show: shared values are not sufficient to build trust, as beliefs and emotions have stronger influence.

Women who deliver by C-section are less likely to conceive subsequent children

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Women who deliver their first child by cesarean section (C-section) are less likely to conceive a second child than those who deliver vaginally, despite being just as likely to plan a subsequent pregnancy, according to researchers. The team followed more than 2,000 women for three years after they delivered their first child.

Study says inhalers OK to use amid COVID-19 concerns

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Researchers find that the benefits of inhalers for asthma sufferers outweigh the risks of contracting coronavirus, following concerns raised after WHO warned that steroids could reduce immunity.

Socio-economic, environmental impacts of COVID-19 quantified

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
How is COVID-19 impacting people and the planet and what are the implications for a post-pandemic world? A new study quantifies the socio-economic losses and environmental gains.

Topological materials 'cherned' up to the maximum

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
In topological materials, electrons can display behavior that is fundamentally different from that in 'conventional' matter, and the magnitude of many such 'exotic' phenomena is directly proportional to an entity known as the Chern number. New experiments establish for the first time that the theoretically predicted maximum Chern number can be reached -- and controlled -- in a real material.

Brain benefits of exercise can be gained with a single protein

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
A little-studied liver protein may be responsible for the well-known benefits of exercise on the aging brain, according to a new study in mice. The findings could lead to new therapies to confer the neuroprotective effects of physical activity on people who are unable to exercise due to physical limitations.

5G wireless networks have few health impacts, finds study using zebrafish model

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Findings from a new study into the effects of radiofrequency radiation generated by the wireless technology that will soon be the standard for cell phones suggest few health impacts.

What happens when food first touches your tongue

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
A new study might explain why humans register some tastes more quickly than others, potentially due to each flavor's molecular size. The research also provided explanation as to why humans register taste more quickly when food or drink moves over their tongues quickly, as compared to when they are held in their mouth steadily.

Bats offer clues to treating COVID-19

Science Daily - 09/07/2020
Bats carry many viruses, including COVID-19, without becoming ill. Biologists are studying the immune system of bats to find potential ways to 'mimic' that system in humans.

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